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A teaching institution for the arts founded in 1919 in Weimar, Germany, by Walter Gropius. He coined the term Bauhaus as an inversion of 'Hausbau' - house construction. The aim was to reunify artistic disciplines and integrate them with constructional techniques. The school moved in 1925 to Dessau, moved again to Berlin in 1932 and was closed by the Nazis in 1933. Teachers at the school included Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, Marcel Breuer. Bauhaus principles have deeply influenced subsequent developments in architecture and visual arts.

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